Training Network: Wilderness Survival | Orienteering

Preventative Clothing and Shoes

Proper clothing can help prevent injuries. Clothes used for physical activity should be comfortable and fit loosely. A T-shirt or sleeveless undershirt and gym shorts are best in warm weather. In cold weather, clothing may be layered according to personal preference. In very cold weather, you may need gloves or mittens and ear-protecting caps. Rubberized or plastic suits should never be worn during exercise. They cause excessive sweating which can lead to dehydration and a dangerous increase in body temperature.

Selecting the Right Running Shoe

Choosing a running shoe that is suitable for your particular type of foot can help you avoid some common running-related injuries. It can also make running more enjoyable and let you get more mileage out of your shoes.

Shoe manufacturers are aware that, anatomically, feet usually fall into one of three categories. Some people have "floppy" feet that are very "loose-jointed." Because feet like this are too mobile, they "give" when they hit the ground. These people need shoes that are built to control the foot's motion. At the other extreme are people with "rigid" feet. These feet are very tight-jointed and do not yield enough upon impact. To help avoid impact-related injuries, these people need shoes that cushion the impact of running. Finally, the third type, or normal foot, falls somewhere between mobile and rigid. This type of foot can use any running shoe that is stable and properly cushioned.

When shopping for running shoes, keep the following in mind:

  • Expect to spend between $30 and $100 for a pair of good shoes.

  • Discuss your foot type, foot problems, and shoe needs with a knowledgeable salesperson.

  • Check the PX for available brands and their prices before shopping at other stores.

  • Buy a training shoe, not a racing shoe.

  • When trying on shoes, wear socks that are as similar as possible to those in which you will run. Also, be sure to try on both shoes.

  • Look at more than one model of shoe.

  • Choose a pair of shoes that fit both feet well while you are standing.

  • Ask if you can try running in the shoes on a non-carpeted surface. This gives you a feel for the shoes.

  • Carefully inspect the shoes for defects that might have been missed by quality control. Do the following:
      - Place the shoes on a flat surface and check the heel from behind to see that the heel cup is perpendicular to the sole of the shoe.

      - Feel the seams inside the shoe to determine if they are smooth, even, and well-stitched.

      - Check for loose threads or extra glue spots; they are usually signs of poor construction.

    The shoes' ability to protect you from injury decreases as the mileage on them increases. Record the number of miles you run with them on a regular basis, and replace the shoes when they have accumulated 500 to 700 miles even if they show little wear.

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    Buy The Book This Site Is Based On
    U.S. Army Field Manual 21-20 is the source material for this website. A soldier's level of physical fitness has a direct impact on his combat readiness. The many battles in which American troops have fought under-score the important role physical fitness plays on the battlefield. The renewed nationwide interest in fitness has been accompanied by many research studies on the effects of regular participation in sound physical fitness programs. The overwhelming conclusion is that such programs enhance a person's quality of life, improve productivity, and bring about positive physical and mental changes. Not only are physically fit soldiers essential to the Army, they are also more likely to have enjoyable, productive lives, and you can too.

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